There are three different types of gluten intolerance, here's how they impact your body

Gluten is enemy number one for some people. In fact, it is estimated that about one in 100 people has a gluten intolerance. Here are the most important symptoms.

These are the main symptoms of gluten intolerance
© Towfiqu Barbhuiy / Unsplash
These are the main symptoms of gluten intolerance

The patient groups with gluten intolerance are divided into three categories in medicine: Allergic, Intolerant, and Hypersensitive. The protein known as gluten is naturally present in some cereals. It gives bread and cakes volume and elasticity, but it is often hard to digest for some people. Products without gluten, however, can also cause problems.

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1. The pure gluten allergy

It is rather rare, but easy to diagnose. In fact, the allergic reaction occurs immediately after the consumption of a product containing gluten. It manifests itself in respiratory and/or digestive problems and can even cause edema.

Read more:5 surprising foods you didn't know had gluten

2. Gluten intolerance

It is also known as celiac disease. It is very difficult to detect because it can break out at any time of life. It can also be very dangerous because it can destroy the wall of the small intestine if the patient does not follow a gluten-free diet for life. So take care of yourselves!

3. Hypersensitivity to gluten

It includes patients who were tested because they had symptoms of celiac disease without the doctors being able to detect antibodies that are characteristic of gluten intolerance. These people react much faster to gluten than intolerant people. Therefore, few scientific studies have examined them. Nevertheless, it is these people who most often follow a 'gluten-free' diet.

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Symptoms that should alert you

According to the French health insurance portal Ameli, there are different types of symptoms :

Weight loss and/or growth retardation (short stature in relation to age), cronic fatigue or irritability, anemia due to iron deficiency, delay in triggering puberty, amenorrhea, recurrent aphthae, dermatitis herpetiformis (skin manifestation of reaction to gluten that causes itching and flare-ups of blisters grouped in clusters), constipation, or diarrhea.

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This article has been translated from Gentside DE.

Source used:

Ameli: Les symptômes, le diagnostic et l'évolution de l'intolérance au gluten

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